Data Quality Campaign wants her data. DQC is a nonprofit advocacy organization
that works to improve student achievement through effective data use. Achieve,
Inc, the Alliance for Excellent Education, Council of Chief State School
Officers, The Education Trust, National Center for Educational Accountability,
National Center for Higher Education Management Systems, National Governors
Association Center for Best Practices, Schools Interoperability Framework
Association, Standard & Poor's School Evaluation Services, State Higher
Education Executive Officers are all founding members. The campaign is
supported by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation and managed by the
National Center for Educational Accountability.
These are the ten essential elements of the longitudinal data system that they want to see in every state in America. They make no attempt to hide that they want individual student data, not aggregate data to look at trends. This is about managing a workforce by managing individual student outcomes.
1. A unique statewide student identifier
2. Student-level enrollment, demographic and program participation information
3. The ability to match individual students' test records from year to year to measure academic growth
4. Information on untested students
5. A teacher identification system with the ability to match teachers to students
6. Student-level transcript information, including information on courses complete and grades earned
7. Student-level college readiness test scores
8. Student-level graduation and dropout data
9. The ability to match student records between the Pre-K and post-secondary systems
10. A state audit system assessing data quality, validity and reliability.
Whenever you see references to the state longitudinal data system or DQC, understand that this is what they are working towards.
More helpful links:
Questions to ask your school about data collection
template letter created by the Parent Coalition for Student Data Privacy-to request your child's data is the state data base (SLDS). Send SLDS data requests to your district, they will verify you are the parent and forward your request to the state.
Spying on Students EFF- explains online data collection. Has survey for parents as to what online devices, curriculum your school uses (EFF filed FTC suit against Google for tracking students)
The astonishing amount of data being collected about your children
Student data collection in out of control
THE "MY DATA BUTTON" APP IS BEING PROMOTED TO ALLOW STUDENTS TO UPLOAD AND SHARE THEIR OWN DATA
COGS IN THE MACHINE: Big Data, Common Core, and National Testing
Hidden computer algorithms in schools
Grooming Students for a Lifetime of Surveillance
The business of data badging and predicting children's futures
Privacy pitfalls as education apps spread haphazardly. Before you download that app.
Data as the new currency
Knewton, an online classroom application, video of presentation at the White House Datapalooza. Knewton collects 5-10 million data per day per child
Federal Data Dictionary
Data Elements Collected in Data Collection System
These examples from Colorado are provided because the same general thing is happening in many states. Look for key words and concepts in your own state.
Colorado Data Dictionary
Colorado Dept. of Education Data Privacy Resources CDE Contracts that share children's personally identifiable information (Get a glimpse of pii data leaving the state LDS)
Colorado Dept of Education GOLDEN RECORD OF DATA The Colorado Department of Education creates a "single golden record" of personally identifiable data on every student in Colorado. This video explains how the student's personal information is shared with Dept. of Corrections, Dept. of Health and Human Services, Social Services, and Higher Education (Colleges).
Privacy and Cloud Computing in Public Schools, Joel Reidenberg, Center for Law and Information Policy
Privacy Toolkit for educators, board members and parents- From Fordham Center for Law and Information Policy
Student Privacy Bill of Rights Electronic Information Privacy Center
There are 3 Federal laws meant to protect children's privacy...but...
COPPA (largely doesn't apply to schools or non-profits)
PPRA (applies to federally funded surveys, often overlooked)
FERPA (weakened in 2008, 2011 to allow pii data sharing without parent consent for "educational purpose". FERPA has no penalty, no private right of action)
- How does Common Core relate to the federal and corporate data collection movement?
- Are the State Longitudinal Data Systems accessible by the federal government? Yes.
The P-20 workforce council exists inside states to track citizens starting in preschool, and to “forge organizational and technical bonds and to build the data system needed to make informed decisions” for stakeholders both in and outside Utah. — http://www.prweb.com/releases/2012/2/prweb9201404.htm
- Is personally identifiable student information gathered, or only aggregate group data? Personal, identifiable, individual data is collected.
- Is the collected private student data accessible to agencies beyond than state education agency? Yes:
- What data will be collected? According to the new FERPA regulations, pretty much anything. Social security numbers, psychometric and biometric information (see pg. 4 and 6) are not off the table. According to the National Data Collection model, over 400 points. Jenni White (Oklahoma ROPE) mentioned another federal model that asks for thousands of data points.
- Are teachers also to be studied like guinea pigs, along with students? Yes.
- How does this affect parents?
“It is a best practice to keep the public informed when you disclose personally identifiable information from education records.” http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2011-12-02/pdf/2011-30683.pdf
Dec. 2011 regulations, which the Dept. of Education made without Congressional approval and for which they are now being sued by EPIC, literally loosen, rather than strengthen, parental consent rules and other rules. http://www.jdsupra.com/post/documentViewer.aspx?fid=5aa4af34-8e67-4f42-8e6b-fe801c512c7a
The Federal Register of December 2011 outlines the Dept. of Education’s new, Congressionally un-approved regulations, that decrease parental involvement and increase the number of agencies that have access to private student data: http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2011-12-02/pdf/2011-30683.pdf (See page 52-57)
Although the Federal Register describes countless agencies, programs and “authorities” that may access personally identifiable student information, it uses permissive rather than mandatory language. The obligatory language comes up in the case of the Cooperative Agreement between the Department of Education and the states’ testing consortium http://www2.ed.gov/programs/racetothetop-assessment/sbac-cooperative-agreement.pdf
Effectively, there is no privacy regulation governing schools anymore, on the federal level. Khalia Barnes, a lawyer at EPIC disclosed that these privacy intrusions affect not only children, but anyone who ever attended any college or university (that archives records, unless it is a privately funded university.)
- Who can access collected data?
- How can we get free of this system?
- Why did the Dept. of Ed redefine FERPA’s meaning of the term “educational agency” to include virtually any agency and redefine “authorized representative” to mean virtually anyone, even a “school volunteer?
When FERPA is weak, linking of data allows easy access to data, both technologically and in terms of legal policy. It also trumps other laws, such as HIPPA. For example, as both Gary Thompson and Jenni White have pointed out, the new, weak FERPA law takes precedence over HIPPA (patient privacy) when medical or psychological services are provided in schools or when educational services are provided in jails.
In that document, states are obligated to share data with the federal government “on an ongoing basis,” to give status reports, phone conferences and other information, and must synchronize tests “across consortia”. This triangulation nationalizes the testing system and puts the federal government in the middle of the data collecting program.
- Why did the Dept. of Ed need to alter FERPA regulations?
To match their data collection goals (stated in the Dept. of Ed cooperative agreement with testing consortia) which contracts with testing consortia to mandate triangulation of tests and collected data. This federal supervision is illegal under G.E.P.A. law and the 10th Amendment. http://www2.ed.gov/programs/racetothetop-assessment/sbac-cooperative-agreement.pdf
- What else is at stake?